Built on an ancient Byzantine settlement, the castle was a typical Medieval fortress that dates back to before the year 1000. Originally known as Castiglione dei Corbellari, the name of the family linked to the Estensis that dominated it for two centuries, the castle was named del Terziere around 1275, when it ended up in the third part of the estate inherited by the Marquis Alberto Malaspina.
Its golden age coincided with the years of Castruccio Castracani degli Alteminelli, a lord from Lucca who declared the Terziere Castle to be the stronghold of his project for the unification of the territories of Lunigiana, Garfagnana, Lucca and Versilia. It became even more important in the 15th Century, when Florence seized it and installed its Captain of Justice: during these years, the castle became an authentic Renaissance residence, meeting the needs of magistrates and officials of Florence's Signoria.
After years of neglect, as we are told by Loris Jacopo Bononi, the protective deity of its more recent history, the Castiglione del Terziere Castle was brought back to life through an ideological and spiritual restoration in which everything - every work of art, object, piece of furniture, document - tells of how 'it would have been, if it had been', where everything, in other words, allows us to understand the culture that has been breathing here for centuries.
A similar undertaking, lasting more than thirty years, established a library with unimaginable treasures - here we can find one of the first incunabula of Dante's Divine Comedy - and a historical archive of works and documents that testify to the endeavors and brilliance of those who lived in these lands. But most of all, it has transformed a ruin into an identifying symbol of the entire Lunigiana.
Loris J. Bononi, a pharmacologist, doctor and poet - a true humanist intellectual - was the brains behind this rebirth. He fully dedicated himself to restoring this castle, making it into a meta-museum open to the scholars, researchers and students who come to Castiglion del Terziere every year from all over the world.
Reservations must be made in advance to visit this must-see castle, where culture is produced and defended thanks to the Nicolò V Centre for Humanistic Studies and the Public Chair of Philology and Vocal Polyphony.
News, feature stories, itineraries and travel tips from Trame di Lunigiana's newsroom
© COPYRIGHT 2017 FONDAZIONE ITALIANA ACCENTURE